William A. (Sandy) Darity, Jr. is Arts & Sciences Professor of Public Policy Studies and Economics, Chair of African and African American Studies and Director of the Research Network on Racial and Ethnic Inequality at Duke University. He earned his Ph.D. in economics from the Massachusetts Institute of Technology in 1978. Previously he served as Director of the Institute of African American Research, Director of the Moore Undergraduate Research Apprenticeship Program, Director of the Undergraduate Honors Program in economics, and Director of Graduate Studies at the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill. Darity’s research focuses on stratification economics, inequality by race, class and ethnicity, schooling and the racial achievement gap, North-South theories of trade and development, skin shade and labor market outcomes, the economics of reparations, the Atlantic slave trade and the Industrial Revolution, doctrinal history and the social psychological effects of unemployment exposure. Darity was the 2012 a recipient of the Samuel Z. Westerfield Award, the highest honor bestowed by the National Economic Association. He also has been a fellow at the Center for Advanced Study in Behavioral Sciences at Stanford (2011-2012), a fellow at the National Humanities Center (1989-90) and a visiting scholar at the Federal Reserve’s Board of Governors (1984). He is a past president of the National Economic Association and the Southern Economic Association. Darity also has taught at Grinnell College, the University of Maryland at College Park, the University of Texas at Austin, Simmons College and Claremont-McKenna College. He was Editor in Chief of the most recent edition of the International Encyclopedia of the Social Sciences (Macmillan Reference, 2008). Darity has published or edited ten books and more than 220 articles in professional journals. Darity lives with his family in Durham, N.C. where he occasionally plays harmonica in a local blues band, occasionally coaches youth sport, and enjoys reading science fiction and speculative fiction.